Bisbee, Border Fence, Border Patrol, Cochise County, Coronado National Monument, Coyotes, Department of Homeland Security, Janet Napolitano, Naco, Operation Gatekeeper, Operation Hold the Line, OTMs, Sheriff Larry Dever
(The original shortened version was published by the Daily Caller on August 24th, 2012. Any additional opinions expressed herein are not necessarily those of TheDC. This is an elongated account written to include my personal observations and opinions.)
In March of 2012, Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano infamously assured the nation that our border is “more secure than it was ever been.” This, coming from a former governor who during her time as Arizona’s leader used to invoice the federal government (then, the Bush administration) for the cost that the state had to bear as a result of illegal immigration. Apparently when one is in Washington long enough, problems of the real world mysteriously disappear.
2,251 miles away in Bisbee, Arizona, Sheriff Larry Dever and his deputies deal with the inaction of the Department of Homeland Security on a daily basis. Dever has been in law enforcement for over thirty years, and is currently running unopposed in a race to extend his sixteen year stint as his Cochise County’s top officer. He is also part of an ongoing effort to better educate those unaware of the raw reality of the southern border.
In July when I wrote State of the Border: Part I, I said “Those of us in the blogosphere, on the news, or in print can pontificate all day long on this topic from the comfort of our homes or our offices. Realistically, however- we can only regurgitate information from others in the news who are more than likely regurgitating information themselves. Why not go straight to the source?”
Dever graciously granted me the interview that led to that first piece, but in an effort paint an even clearer picture, Dever agreed to take my husband and I to the infamous Arizona-Mexico to see it all first hand. Quite literally, we’d be going STRAIGHT to the SOURCE.
Cochise County is a front-row witness to an onslaught of illegal crossover that began in the late 1990s as a result of two border control operations based in El Paso, Texas and San Diego, California. “Operation Hold the Line” and “Operation Gatekeeper,” respectively, were wildly successful in those sectors, but as Dever has observed, it unintentionally resulted in diverting crossovers into Arizona. The Tucson sector, which contains major roadways leading to Interstate 10, has attracted the most crossings due to its facilitation of easy dispersal of humans and drugs. “Half of the illegal aliens who are caught trying to come into this country are caught in this little corridor down here,” said Dever.
While peak years were 1999 and 2000, Dever reports that a reduction in those numbers isn’t because the border is any safer. “Many of those coming in years past were coming on their own,” remarked Dever, “today 99% of crossings are coordinated with the coyotes. (Coyotes are Mexican nationals who specialize in smuggling humans and materials across the border in exchange for money, drugs or other payment.) They’ve figured out that they can make even more money by charging those who want to cross with a fee.” Mexicans seeking to cross the border are charged a few thousand dollars, while OTMs (Other Than Mexicans) are charged substantially more.
“Either of you afraid of heights?” he asked us, as we went over the map in his office before heading out. We answered in the negative, and soon found ourselves driving up a single lane gravel road towards the top of Coronado National Monument, where the border is visible for miles. Dever commented that fires had recently affected the area. “Here we’ve documented that there are several border-related causes for the fires,” he remarked. “There are intentional fires; that is, fires set to distract law enforcement to facilitate a crossing or a getaway; warming fires started during travel; and finally cigarette induced fires.” The latest one destroyed 52 homes and 5 businesses in the area.
While driving up Coronado, Dever told us he’d show us something that would blow Napolitano’s border statement out of the water. We get to the top and he shows us a National Park Service sign which vividly warns visitors of the danger resulting from the border’s proximity. “Which is it,” he said, pointing the sign, “Is it this, or is it what the politicians are saying in front of the TV cameras? You tell me. The people who live here will tell you it is this.”
Looking east atop Coronado, a fence is clearly visible. To the west where the mesquite trees and other thick brush run rampant, there is no fence. Pointing to the peak behind him, Dever explained that towards the end of the day, it would be crawling with illegal immigrants. He recalled a conversation with a border patrol agent (many of whom he says have less than two years of experience) about that peak. “He said that by four or five o’clock it would be crawling with people,” said Dever, who knows it takes a couple of hours to reach the top. “It was 2 o’clock at that moment, and I asked him why they didn’t start up the mountain NOW to head them off, to which he shrugged his shoulders.” Dever explained that Border Patrol agents are also instructed to avoid certain situations. “Border Patrol agents have been instructed not to work in certain areas because of the danger levels,” stated Dever, “Upper management denies that, but the guys on the ground will tell you it is absolutely true.”
The workplace condition parameters under the Fair Labor Standards Act that are part of Border Patrol unionization as well as other law enforcement structures juxtaposed with the fact that the smugglers and other border crossers do not follow the same ‘schedule’ and/or set of rules can at times make it difficult to keep the border secure. “We (Law Enforcement) have to play by the rules and the crooks do not,” Dever mentioned, “We have schedules and lunch breaks, etc. under right to work and workplace condition concerns that we have to live with that impair our ability to effectively work the problem.”
That day, more than the usual one or two trucks were patrolling the area along the fence. There had been a crossing attempt just a few hours prior, and alert was higher. Despite this, however, the Border Patrol station at Naco, Arizona seemed unusually calm, with a parking lot full of patrol trucks sitting unoccupied despite the vulnerability of the fence at the moment.
According to Dever, such attempts are not isolated. 8-10 groups of people make it across this particular 26 mile stretch of border fence every week. These groups range anywhere from 6 to 60 people; some groups are as large as 100 or more. These groups are not always mere migrants looking for work. Vandalism, violence, and other criminal activities have been consistently suffered by area residents. Dever also addressed the concern that Middle Eastern terror networks could potentially, as evidenced in the foiled attempt to assassinate the Saudi ambassador, take advantage of the chaos that the cartels have caused to attempt entrance via the border. “These people [the cartels] are profiteers. They are pirates. They are interested in one thing- money,” said Dever, “If you pay the price, they’ll move anything you want them to move.”
Upon arrival in the tiny border town of Naco, the sheriff remarked that within minutes, Janet Napolitano and the Department of Homeland Security would know that he and his guests were there. “I know for a fact that these agents have specific orders to contact Napolitano’s office whenever I bring anybody down here,” he said. He went on to say that within moments, the whole town would know he was there, because the scouts watching on both sides of the border would make swift note of his presence. These scouts are equipped with powerful telescopes and sophisticated communication technology. Dever said Border Patrol knows that they are there, but won’t root them out. Attempts have become even bolder because of these scouts, which facilitate crossings even in broad daylight.
Like most people, when I hear about fencing along the border, I envision cement, barbed wire, electricity, guards. . . in general a sense of certainty that where the fence was, no one was getting across it. I couldn’t have been more off-base. The fence is unlike what many expect or envision. It is uneven, inconsistent, and in places put together with scrap metal from past wars. “You notice anything odd about the placement of that metal sheeting?” he asked, pointing to horizontal placement of the ridged scraps. The way the builders had laid it carelessly facilitated an easier climb. Farther down the way was what is referred to as “No Climb Fencing,” a design supposedly engineered to do the obvious. Dever said that a skeptical area resident decided to test the fence, and brought with him a group of teenage boys and girls to attempt the climb. The boys averaged just 14 seconds and the girls just 23 seconds to scale the “No Climb.”
Cameras line the border fencing, though as Dever pointed out they do not always prove useful. “Often there’s just one person watching 30 screens. There’s bound to be fatigue”
Dever was once asked by Fox News’ Bill O’Reilly why we “just don’t build a fence and be done with it.” Dever remarked that the solution to the problem isn’t found in the fence alone, but rather the guardianship of it. “The Great Wall of China only worked as well as it did because it was well-guarded with outposts and consistent communication,” Dever said, something he believes to be severely lacking here. This, of course, not due to the brave men and women who volunteer to serve at our border, but rather as a result of the Department of Homeland Security’s refusal to act.